A comprehensive survey of child marriage in Asia by Plan International has revealed deeply entrenched traditions and views are still forcing young girls into early marriage.
Disturbingly high rates of child marriage, particularly of girls, prevail in rural areas of Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Indonesia. Our research finds that child marriage, including of girls aged years old, endures with widespread support among members of the community, parents, and children themselves.
Bangladesh Indonesia Pakistan. Getting the Evidence: Based on thousands of surveys and interviews with parents, community leaders, and children in communities in all 3 countries, the report details the underlying causes of child marriage alongside a suite of recommendations for countering the endurance of early marriage.
The primary reasons for such high rates of child marriage were found to be lack of access to education, economic opportunity, and health services, particularly for girls, alongside severe poverty and weak legal and enforcement mechanism. Most disturbingly, the normalisation and justification of male sexual violence, and extreme gender inequity prevail in survey areas. According to a year old girl who participated in the research in Bangladesh: Lonvon will lose her reputation, and people will think she is having affairs.
For a man it is less of an issue. He can remain single.
This compares to 2. The percentage of men married before they turned 18 was 3.
Pakistan had the lowest rate of child marriage of girls surveyed in the three countries, at The report concludes that consistent and long term intervention by NGOs, community groups, governments, and institutional, individual, community and family-level actions would have a substantial impact on the rate and acceptance of child marriage in all three countries. It makes 40 practical, concrete recommendations.
Download the Getting the Evidence summary report. It also recommends how to increase protection of children's rights and to ensure kooking are not forcibly married at a young age. Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world.
Around two thirds of women aged 20 to 24 marry before the age of 18, despite the minimum legal age being 18 for females.
New evidence on child marriage causes and solutions. Research from Plan International uncovers the factors leading to high levels of child marriage in Asia and what can be done to protect girls from early and forced marriages.
Married too young: Explore the results in 3 countries Bangladesh Indonesia Pakistan. Related pages.